Uganda National Parks

Uganda national parks – The 10 national parks that are worth adventuring

by | Jul 26, 2019 | 0 comments

The 10 Ugandan national parks that are worth adventuring

Basing on the articles published by the Uganda wildlife authority, Uganda has over 10 national parks.

Nicknamed The Pearl of Africa, the landlocked country of Uganda attracts many visitors each year who become fascinated with its rich culture, diversity of people, exotic wildlife and rich ecosystems.

The country boasts some beautiful national parks that are home to a variety of plants, birds and animal species. We feature ten national parks that will make you fall in love with Uganda.

Lets adventure the the 10 most popular Ugandan national parks ;

Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park;
The Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that forms part of the Bwindi Impenetrable Forest, one of the richest ecosystems in Africa. It is very famous for mountain gorilla trekking and gorilla safari.

Bwindi National ParkBwindi National park has a population of around 340 gorillas of which an estimated 116 are habituated. Come with your cameras and observe at least 120 mammal species living in the forest, the eleven primate species found here include black-and-white colobus and L’Hoest’s monkeys, baboons and chimps.

There are also forest elephants and several species of antelopes. Of Bwindi’s 200 butterfly species, 42 are endemic to the Albertine Rift.Also an estimated 350 bird species with 23 endemic to the Albertine Rift and 14 recorded nowhere else in Uganda.

Kibale National Park

Kibale is one in all the most attractive national parks in Uganda with tropical rainforest, it is a haven for chimpanzees and other wildlife

Kibale’s 1450 chimpanzees represent Uganda’s largest population of this endangered primate. Come witness first hand the density and diversity of Kibale National park, including endangered species in their natural habitat.

The northern section of the park experiences plenty of rainfall during the months of March to May and September to November, so be sure to take along a raincoat during those wet months.

The forest is also home to East Africa’s largest population of the threatened red colobus and the rare I’Hoest’s monkey.

Other primates include the black-and-white colobus, red-tailed and blue monkeys, grey-cheeked mangabey, olive baboon, bush baby and potto.Also an estimated 500 elephants are present, along with buffalos, leopards, warthogs, bush pigs, golden cats and duikers.

Kidepo Valley National Park

Kidepo valley is one of Uganda’s most spectacular parks, it lies in the rugged savannah between Uganda’s borders with Sudan and Kenya.

With over 77 species of mammals and more than 475 species of birds, Kidepo Valley National Park contains one of the most exciting faunas of any Ugandan national park.

This national park is 1,442 square kilometers. Kidepo harbors scenery that cannot be found in any other parks in east Africa.It has a profusion of big game and hosts over 77 mammal species as well as around 475 bird species.

If you are up for a long drive in a national park, then this park is ideal for you.


Lake Mburo National Park

Spanning 370 kilometers square and within close proximity of the capital city of Kampala, Lake Mburo National Park is one of the smallest of Uganda’s savannah national parks and underlain by ancient Precambrian metamorphic rocks which date back more than 500 million years.

Lake Mburo National ParkIt is home to 350 bird species as well as zebra, impala, eland, buffalo, oribi, Defassa waterbuck, leopard, hippo, hyena, topi and reedbuck.

Together with 13 other lakes in the area, making it one of a birding destination and a perfect scenery for photographers and bird enthusiasts.

Mgahinga Gorilla National Park

Located way up in the clouds close to the Kisoro region, Mgahinga gorilla national park is another smallest park in the country, it sits high in the clouds, at an altitude of between 2,227m and 4,127 meters.

The park is a dense forest and a natural habitat for the rare mountain gorillas and the endangered golden monkey, it was created to protect these rare endangered animals.

Tthe park also has a huge cultural significance, in particular for the indigenous Batwa pygmies.

This tribe of hunter-gatherers was the forest’s “first people”, and their ancient knowledge of its secrets remains unrivaled.

Come and be impressed by Mgahinga’s three conical extinct volcanoes, providing an outstanding backdrop to the already wonderful scenery.

Mount Elgon National Park

Intersecting the border of Kenya and Uganda, Mount Elgon National Park is an extinct volcano with the largest surface area of any extinct volcano in the world, it first erupted more than 24 million years ago. With the largest surface area of any extinct volcano in the world.

The Kenyan part of the park was gazetted in 1968, and the Ugandan part in 1992 covering 1110 square kilometers (430 square miles). The Park is named after Mount Elgon, an extinct shield volcano.

The botanical diversity of the park includes giant podocarpus, juniper and Elgon olive trees cedar Juniperus procera, pillarwood Cassipourea malosana, elder Sambucus adnata, pure stands of Podocarpus gracilior and many orchids.

400 species have been recorded.The park is also home to a variety of small antelope and forest monkeys, including the Black-and-white Colobus and Blue Monkey. Over 300 birds can also be found in the area, Elephants and buffalo, Other scenery like cliffs, caves, waterfalls, gorges, mesas, calderas, hot springs, and the mountain peaks.

The most popular areas are the four explorable, vast caves where frequent night visitors such as elephants and buffaloes come to lick the natural salt found on the cave walls. Kitum cave, with overhanging crystalline walls, enters 200 m into the side of Mt. Elgon.

Bird-watchers and photographers will have opportunities to see mammals as well as birds, invertebrates and beautiful flora and fauna.

Murchison Falls National Park

If you are in the mood for a good safari tour on an epic river Nile adventure, then Murchison Falls National Park is a good place to visit. This park is sometimes referred to as Kabarega National Park and it is the largest park in Uganda and the most visited.

It is named after the Murchison falls where the famous river Nile falls through a narrow gorge,the park. Spreading inland from the shore of Lake Albert around the Nile, Murchison Falls National Park forms part of the Murchison Falls Conservative Area (MFCA)

In the park you get the chance to see the four of the ‘big five’ (elephant, lion, leopard and Cape buffalo) just above the Nile, hippos, water bucks, crocodiles, giraffes, hartebeests, oribis, Uganda kobs, chimpanzees, and many bird species including the rare shoebill. The flora and Fauna at Murchison is characterized by savannah, riverine forest and wood land.

Then have a peek at the famous Murchison Falls where the waters of the Nile squeeze through a narrow gorge to make a beautiful waterfall.

Queen Elizabeth National Park

Located in western Uganda, Queen Elizabeth National Park was named after the royal Queen Elizabeth II of England and was established in 1954. This park along with kyambura and kigezi wildlife resource brings together the most diverse ecosystem in Africa.

Thousands of hippos populate these water shores. Open savannah dotted with acacia and euphobia trees provide Queen Elizabeth National Parkhabitat for leopards , elephants, lions, Uganda kobs, in addition to big herds of buffaloes.

The park also harbors primate species, ten in number which include chimpanzees and monkeys. Waterbucks, giant forest hog, topi, hyenas, and crocodiles are among the many animals distinguished frequently in Queen Elizabeth national park.

The park is also famous for its volcanic features, comprising volcanic cones and deep craters, many with crater lakes such as Lake Katwe, from which salt is extracted.

Rwenzori Mountains National Park

Named as UNESCO World Heritage Site because of its extraordinary natural beauty, Rwenzori Mountains National Park is home to one of the most beautiful landscapes in the world.

It is located in the Rwenzori mountains and nearly 1000 kilometers square in size, the park has Africa’s third highest mountain peak and many waterfalls, lakes, and glaciers. The park is known for its beautiful plant life.

The Rwenzori Mountains are higher than the Alps and are ice-capped. Mount Stanley is located in the park. Margherita Peak, one of Mount Stanley’s twin summits, is Africa’s third highest peak with a height of 5,109 m (16,762 ft). Africa’s fourth and fifth highest peaks (Mount Speke and Mount Baker) are also located in the park.

It has a high diversity of plants and trees. The park is noted for its botany, which has been described as some of the most beautiful in the world. There are five distinct vegetation zones in the park, which change according to changes in altitude.

The park has 89 species of birds, 15 species of butterfly, and four primate species. You will find forest elephants, chimpanzee, hyrax, black-and-white colobus, L’Hoest’s monkeys, duiker, and Ruwenzori Turaco.

Semliki National Park
Known as one of Uganda’s newest national parks, Semliki National park hosts the Sempaya Hot Springs. The rich habitat of grassland, savannah, forest and wetland is home to diverse fauna, in addition to 400 bird species and 300 butterfly species.

It is one of the richest areas of floral and faunal diversity in Africa, with bird species being especially diverse.

Try boiling an egg in it as a test. It should be hard-boiled after ten minutes. If you love a good nature tour, the park has primate creatures like grey-checked mangabey, red-tailed monkeys, elephants, chimpanzees, De Brazza’s monkey, pygmy antelope and many diverse species of birds. It also house a lowland tropical forest showcasing some of the richest and most diverse flora and fauna in Africa.


Traveling in Uganda is indeed an adventure. With the wide range of national  parks to choose from and some as I have provided above you will be amazed by what Uganda can offer you.

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About the Author

Kabanda Ezra

Ezra is a content writer with a bias in adventure travel and here he shares some of the stunning destinations, travel tips and experiences about Uganda, Kenya & Rwanda.

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