The silverback gorilla’s strength
What is the average gorilla strength, and how strong is a gorilla? How strong are silverback gorilla strength?
Gorillas are the world’s largest primates, measuring over three meters tall. There are two kinds of gorillas: mountain gorillas and lowland gorillas. Mountain gorillas are larger and stronger than lowland gorillas, who are smaller and weaker. These primates share 98 percent of their DNA with humans, which explains why they have many similarities to humans, such as having both legs and hands, being able to walk on their legs alone, having faces that are strikingly similar to human faces, having a high level of intelligence when compared to other animals, and having many other similar behaviors.
Gorillas are not just enormous in stature, but also highly strong. Mountain gorillas can now be found in just three countries: Uganda, Rwanda, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. They live on mountain ranges’ slopes. They are regarded as one of the most beautiful animals on the globe today due to their distinct traits. Gorilla strength is unrivaled by any other ape, and they are ranked among the top 10 strongest mammals on the globe.
A silverback gorilla’s might is unsurpassed.
What is a gorilla’s strength?
, How powerful is a silverback gorilla?
Mountain gorillas are polite giant primates who avoid fighting to the maximum degree feasible; this is something that most people are unaware of. They are, nevertheless, incredibly destructive and fearless when engaged in fight due to their size and strength. According to scientific study, the strength of a silverback gorilla is four to 10 times that of a human. A silverback gorilla can lift double the amount of dead weight that a strong human can in one move. “What if a strong man got into a fight with a gorilla?” is a question that many people have. In this combat, who would come out on top?” A gorilla’s average weight is 143kg, however they may weigh up to 300kg. The typical human being weighs 80kg, however wrestler Kane, who weighs roughly 147kg, is one of the strongest people on the globe.
Gorillas also have thicker skin and skulls than humans, implying that inflicting injury on these animals would need a significant amount of energy. Because their arms are stronger and longer than human arms, a punch may be seen being thrown from a thicker body to a softer one. If gorillas bite during a fight, there is no way a human could return the bite since gorillas’ mouths are larger, their jaws are far stronger, and their teeth are sharp enough to easily penetrate fragile human flesh.
Most significantly, gorillas are wild animals, and their inherent inclinations would keep them from engaging in conflict with you in the same way that people would. They fight ferociously, which might lead to a dangerous climax to the encounter. To see what I mean, watch their own bouts between silverbacks or any other gorillas.
Although lions are believed to be very powerful creatures, their might pales in contrast to that of a silverback gorilla. A gorilla can lift four times the amount of weight that a lion can. A gorilla’s biting power is also twice as great as that of a lion.
Despite their ferocious nature, gorillas may be tranquil and amiable if they are respected and handled with care. They maintain their wild spirit even after they have got used to people.
Is it possible for gorillas to be dangerous to humans?
Gorillas are often shy and hesitant when it comes to approaching humans. They will only attack if they are shocked or intimidated, or if a person acts in an inappropriate manner. It is possible for the silverback male to retaliate by howling and charging at the human with horrifying force if the human makes an unexpected movement. This implies that he sprints directly at the victim at high speed and stops directly in front of him, sometimes at a distance of less than one meter between them. He has nothing to be afraid of if the individual subsequently acts submissively by stooping down and staring at the ground. However, if the fugitive chooses to flee, the enraged gorilla is roused even further: he will track down the fugitive and bite him in the body part he can grip first, which is usually a leg or buttock. The most common outcome of such an assault is a serious wound.
Mountain Gorillas are considered to be deadly creatures, and this is a question that many people ask themselves everytime they go Gorilla trekking or before they go. Gorillas (or mountain gorillas) are a wild primate species that may be found in Africa in the Bwindi Impenetrable Forest, Mgahinga National Park in Uganda, Volcanoes National Park in Rwanda, and Virunga National Park in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Mountain Gorillas, the biggest primates on the planet, live in close proximity to humans on 98 percent of their territory. Mountain Gorillas live in the mountains of the rain forest, where they may be seen in groups. In Uganda, there are 12 gorilla families that have already been habituated; the 11 families live in four sectors of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, which is the country’s oldest and largest national park, and the sectors are Rushaga, Ruhijah, Buhoma, and Nkuringo. Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is the country’s oldest and largest national park, and it is home to the world’s largest population of mountain gorillas.
When it comes to people, mountain gorillas are extremely timid and reserved creatures. They will always attack, but only when they feel threatened or if one individual acts in an inappropriate manner.
A huge yell, thumping their chests, and bluff charges are all used by the silverback male mountain gorillas while they are hiking the mountain gorillas when they detect any unexpected activity. With great speed, the gorilla will come to a halt in front of the human after just one meter of space has been established.
However, a person may misbehave and respond inappropriately, and we urge one to do so if assaulted by a gorilla. Make a crouching position and stare at the ground, following which you should demonstrate interest in grooming the gorilla’s hand while smacking your lips until assistance comes.
Do not run away since doing so may provoke the gorilla to attack you and even more since gorillas are stronger than any human and they want to feel like giants all the time. When you try to flee, the mountain gorilla will bite you. He may bite your leg, buttocks, or hand, which will result in a large cut on your body.
Gorilla trekking is undoubtedly Africa’s most fascinating wildlife adventure. They are intriguing creatures because they act and look like us. More mountain gorilla facts will reveal that they are one of the most kind and tranquil animals. On Gorilla Tracking Packing Listearth, just 1,000 mountain gorillas survive. They are not the same as lowland gorillas, which may be seen in zoos and forests throughout Central and West Africa. Mountain gorillas are only found in Uganda, Rwanda, and Congo. Uganda is home to half of the world’s mountain gorillas. The primates may be observed in Uganda’s Bwindi and Mgahinga National Parks. Mountain gorillas may be found in Rwanda’s Volcanoes National Park, and in Congo’s Virunga National Park. The primates live in groups, each led by a dominant silverback who guarantees everyone’s safety and well-being.
Gorilla trekking is a very popular and expensive sport, but it is well worth it. After you’ve booked your gorilla trip and left the logistics of transportation, permits, and lodging to your tour operator, the next question is how to best prepare. You may be wondering, “What should I carry for gorilla trekking?” While gorilla trekking is a thrilling and adventurous activity, you must be prepared. Tourists who have not adequately prepared for gorilla trekking are one of the most prevalent blunders we see in our experience operating safaris. During the briefing, we notice several people wearing basic sandals, white sneakers, and shorts, which are inappropriate for such a strenuous sport.
We have developed a list of things to carry for gorilla trekking that will enhance the whole experience. Always keep in mind that utilizing Porters to help you carry any additional luggage is highly suggested. For further information on how porters might be used, please see our page on gorilla trekking for the elderly. These gorilla trekking restrictions apply to all national parks, including Bwindi in Uganda, Mgahinga in Uganda, Volcanoes in Rwanda, and Virunga in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The guidelines also apply to people who have opted to go gorilla habituation in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park. It is also worth noting that the scenery in Mgahinga and Volcanoes National Parks differs from that in Bwindi and Virunga. Mgahinga and the Volcanoes National Park are higher in elevation and hence cooler than Bwindi. In the latter chapters, we also included a list for a general wildlife safari because most travelers
Gorilla Permits and Passports: You must present your gorilla permit and passport at the hotel and park offices before commencing your walk. A valid passport and a visa are required for every safari. Don’t travel if your passport is close to expire. You will not be permitted to enter the country or monitor the gorillas if you do not have the necessary travel paperwork. Also, make sure you have the yellow fever vaccines and the card.
Hiking Boots: It is critical to take hiking boots while going gorilla trekking in Bwindi or other national parks. Hiking boots of high quality would provide a greater grip on the rough and occasionally muddy terrain. Your ankles might be harmed if you wear low-quality boots or basic shoes. Always keep in mind that gorilla trekking entails ascending steep slopes in high-altitude settings. During the wet season, the trails may become muddy or treacherous.
Clothing: When packing for gorilla trekking, be sure to bring water-resistant pants, jackets, long-sleeved shirts, sweaters, long socks, and long pants. The proper attire will keep you safe from being wet, sharp tree branches, the sun, and insects/ants. Always clip your pants to your boots to keep safari ants and other insects off of your body. Other items to consider while preparing your gorilla trip are a pair of shorts for relaxing at the lodge and pajamas for the cold nights. Include long socks to keep your feet warm.
A rain jacket and sweater: This is a must-pack item, especially during the wet season. Rainfall should be expected at any time of year since gorillas live in tropical rain forests. Even if you plan to visit during the so-called dry season, a rain jacket should be at the top of your packing list. During the winter evenings and mornings, the sweater will keep you warm. The Volcanoes National Park and Mgahinga are situated at high heights, with multiple volcanoes on the horizon releasing chilly winds and mist.
What to bring on your gorilla trekking trip
Hand gloves: Garden gloves will assist you in grasping trees, branches, and other plants. In addition, the gloves will protect your hands from scrapes and bug bites. As previously said, the woodland may get muddy and treacherous. The gloves will assist you cling onto tree limbs or the ground if you fall. Gloves are a must-have item on every gorilla trekking packing list.
Toiletries are essential not just for gorilla trekking but also for ordinary safaris in other national parks. Toilet paper is provided in case you need to relieve yourself during a long gorilla expedition. Most hotels do not include toothbrushes or toothpaste. You should also bring your own sanitary pads (women), shampoos, deodorants, hand sanitizers, shavers, hair conditioners, lip balm, wipes, and lotions.
Headbands and hair ties: If your hair is not correctly knotted, it may become entangled in the branches.
A hat, sunglasses, and sunscreen will keep you safe from the sun’s rays, especially during the dry season. These goods are also necessary if you intend to combine gorilla trekking with a visit to other national parks with hotter weather.
Packing list for Uganda gorilla trekking
Snacks, a packed lunch, and water: Trekking with gorillas is quite unpredictable. It all depends on where the gorilla family is on the day of the journey. The action might last anything from 30 minutes to 6 hours. Long-distance trekking might leave you exhausted and hungry. Your lodge should make a packed lunch for you, or you may park your own energy snacks. Energy-giving snacks are also available in Rwanda and Uganda from supermarkets and specialty stores. Just make sure you don’t forget them when you’re staying in your hotel for the briefing. Keep in mind that pursuing mountain gorillas for an extended period of time may be taxing, so bring plenty of water. Water will be provided by your lodge. Avoid leaving plastic bottles cluttering the park.
Walking stick: To assist you in navigating the dense forest and hilly regions. Following the briefing, the sticks are distributed for free. A higher quality one may be obtained at a fee from your hotel or, ideally, from the park rangers.
Camera with a large battery and memory: You can’t go on safari in Africa unless you have a nice camera. How will your buddies find out about your safari encounters? How will you recall what happened? Prepare to capture photos of the gorillas, as well as the stunning park landscape and locations along the way. Pack additional batteries in case the camera’s battery dies. When photographing gorillas, avoid using flash. They’ll become irritated.
Binoculars: The parks you’ll be visiting don’t only have gorillas. Several bird species, forest elephants, buffaloes, chimps, and colobus monkeys, among others, will be encountered on your trip. If you have a decent pair of binoculars, you can see the birds and primates up close.
Phone simcard: Try to get an international simcard so you can phone your relatives back home.
What to Wear When Trekking Gorillas in Uganda and Rwanda
Porters are those who transport goods. Porters were covered briefly earlier, and I will go into more detail here. During gorilla trekking, porters assist tourists in carrying any additional luggage or hefty cameras. They can also assist you in navigating across steep slopes and valleys. When necessary, Porter can assist in carrying the elderly by utilizing customized bags. Porters often charge a fee of around $15 and are inhabitants of the nearby communities. By paying for their services, you are assisting the community, their families, and discouraging poaching. Some of the porters are students searching for money to return to school. We urge all of our guests to hire a porter if they are unsure about their fitness level or if the gorilla family is known to move a lot.
Tip: For your guides, porters, Rangers, and hotel personnel (Optional). Reward them for their efforts in conserving the gorillas and making your tour so pleasant. Remember that the majority come from low-income homes and have family waiting for them at home. If you decide to leave a tip, do so immediately after the service has been rendered and only in honor of great and professional service.
Other things to consider: Other basic considerations include travel insurance, emergency phone numbers, travel maps, directories, and your tour operator’s final schedule. Having money in local currency is particularly useful when tipping your guides or purchasing souvenirs in regions where there are no credit card machines or ATMs. Get a money belt to keep your money safe.
Packing List for Gorilla Tracking in Uganda and Rwanda
Although most of our tour cars contain first aid kit, we recommend that travelers carry water purification pills, pain relievers, and any personal prescriptions for medical issues and allergies. You may also need to pack pain relievers for bug bites, as well as medications for flu, diarrhea, and various colds, as well as those that re-hydrate the body. Bandages, scissors, tweezers, and eye drops may also be required. Always remember to bring swimming attire, especially during the dry season. The majority of hotels feature spacious rooms.
Bwindi Gorilla Trekking Safari
Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is Uganda’s most popular gorilla trekking destination.
The majority of visitors to Uganda come to see mountain gorillas, and Bwindi is the most open location to do so.
There are numerous gorilla trekking tours available in Bwindi.
There are 11 habituated gorilla groups in the park, as well as some semi-habituated gorilla groups.
Four different trailheads serve as different tourist centers from which gorillas can be monitored in the vast and pristine rainforest.
Nature walks and birdwatching are among the other activities available.
There is also the choice of visiting a Batwa group.
The Batwa people were the original inhabitants of the forest, and when it was gazetted as a national park, they were evicted from their homes.
Bwindi Impenetrable Forest, part of the vast green swath of rainforest that envelops the Rift Valley mountains shared by Uganda, Rwanda, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, is one of Africa’s most biologically diverse forests.
And, thankfully, it’s not as difficult to get to as its name implies.
Bwindi is Uganda’s best gorilla trekking destination, as it is home to roughly half of the world’s remaining mountain gorillas.
Professional guides will lead you deep into this teeming environment in search of habituated gorilla families, where you will spend an unforgettable hour with the greatest of the great apes.
The regular success rate of finding Bwindi gorillas is about 95%, demonstrating the positive effect of these conservation efforts.
A Bwindi safari isn’t all about gorillas: there are 11 other primate species and a slew of mammals, from shy forest elephants to massive forest hogs.
The bird watching is fantastic – keep an eye out for any of the 23 endemics among the 350 bird species reported – and even the most experienced of nature lovers will be awestruck by the 200 butterfly species found in Bwindi.
The Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a common stop on most Ugandan safari itineraries, and it’s easy to combine with the country’s savannah reserves like Murchison Falls and Queen Elizabeth National Park.
Bwindi National Park is accessible by road or air. When planning a Bwindi Gorilla trek by land, a 4×4 safari car is recommended to help you navigate the hills.
Driving from Kampala to the Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park will take approximately 8 to 10 hours.
You can travel from Kampala to Queen Elizabeth National Park in the north for 2 to 3 hours, from Kabale to the south for one to two hours, or from Kampala to Mbarara for one to two hours.
You’ll stop at Queen Elizabeth National Park to see the unusual tree-climbing lions in the Ishasha sector or at the Equator for some unforgettable photo opportunities.
The Kampala-Ntungamo-Rukungiri-Kihihi-Buhoma sector is one of the easiest and most convenient routes for connecting from Kampala to Rukungiri on a tarmac road and then to Buhoma on a murram road.
There are numerous other options.
You can also take advantage of public transportation, especially the daily buses that run from Kampala to Butogota.
However, you will need to hire a car or a Boda Boda to assist you in getting to the park.
You can fly from Entebbe International Airport or Kajjansi airfield to Kisoro or Kihihi airstrip and then land.
Visitors who choose to visit the Buhoma sector can board charter planes and arrive in Kayonza.
Bwindi Gorilla Trekking Cost
If you are planning to visit Bwindi for gorilla tracking, transport cost is important to consider.
For starters, a Bwindi gorilla permit costs $700, which is significantly less than Rwanda’s $1500 fee.
A portion of the funds from the sale of gorilla licenses is used to fund gorilla conservation and local projects aimed at enhancing the living conditions of park visitors.
Through paying for the permits, you are assisting in the protection of gorillas in Bwindi and giving back to groups such as the Batwa that have been impacted by government gorilla conservation activities and actions.
Bwindi Gorilla permits are in high demand and must be reserved months in advance to ensure availability, particularly if traveling during peak season.
You must also decide which sector you would like to visit.
You’ll need to budget for transportation, lodging, and VISA fees in addition to the gorilla permit.
The overall cost of a gorilla safari in Bwindi is about 1000USD for a budget gorilla safari and between 1400 USD and 1900USD for a luxury gorilla safari.
Gorilla permits are available at the Uganda Wildlife Authority’s offices in Kampala and at the park’s entrance.
It is possible to plan your own gorilla safari and drive to Bwindi in your own vehicle.
However, based on our own experience, we suggest hiring a good tour company to plan your travel, such as Mission Africa Safaris.
Lodging options in Bwindi
In order to go on a gorilla safari in Bwindi Impenetrable Forest Park, you must first choose the right lodging.
There are a variety of high-end and low-cost lodging options available.
The final decision is completely up to you, your preferences, and your budget.
Luxury lodges can cost up to $900, while budget lodges can cost as little as $80.
Let’s take a quick look at some of the most well-known hotels and lodges:
Ruhija Gorilla Friends Resort and Campsite has rooms for all budgets, including a budget, midrange, and luxury.
Standard quarters, tents, and campsites are available.
Bwindi Lodge: Located near the park’s entrance, this lodge offers comfortable beds and massages.
Walking takes just ten minutes to enter the park’s entrance.
Nkuringo Bwindi Gorilla Lodge: This is a budget-friendly lodge with birdwatching opportunities in the immediate vicinity. The lodge is among the few ones that give you the best Bwindi gorilla trekking experience.
Buhoma Community Campsite: With spacious self-contained quarters, it’s ideal for budget travelers.
Buhoma Lodge is situated within the Bwindi Forest Park and provides breathtaking views of the surrounding landscape.
Silverback Lodge is a self-contained luxury and midrange lodge located in Bwindi’s Buhoma field.
The lodge organizes outdoor events for interested tourists the day before or after monitoring the gorillas, such as nature walks in local communities.
Mountain of Clouds: The gorilla lodge is situated in the park’s southern region and features eight self-contained stone bedrooms with local objects and a fireplace.
Gorilla Forest Camp is ideally situated near the park’s entrance. Over 7 tents with individual bathrooms are elevated and supported by wooden platforms at the Campsite.
Mahogany Springs: As the name implies, the resort is made of mahogany and provides luxurious accommodations.
Other activities in Bwindi Impenetrable Forest Park
The Bwindi Impenetrable Forest Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its great diversity of flora and fauna – and it’s not just about gorilla safaris.
Visitors to Bwindi will participate in a variety of other activities, including the following:-
Seeing the Batwa pygmies: To see the original people who lived in the Bwindi forest for thousands of years before being evicted and relocated outside the park.
Visiting the Batwa pygmies is a perfect way to learn about their culture and participate in traditional dances while listening to stories about how they used to hunt and collect fruits in the jungle.
Mountain gorillas and chimpanzees can only be seen in Bwindi forest, which is the only place in the world where they can both be seen.
Visitors to Bwindi can see chimps and baboons while on gorilla tours.
Bushbabies, Blue Monkeys, Red-Tailed Monkeys, L’ Hoests Monkeys, Ververt monkeys, and Colobus Monkeys are among the smaller primates that can be seen on a primate safari in Bwindi.
Wildlife viewing: While gorilla tracking is the main attraction in Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park, other wild animals such as forest elephants, leopards, bats, jackals, forest duikers, and giant forest hogs can also be seen.
Birdwatching: Besides seeing Bwindi Gorillas, you can opt for a remarkable Birding tour because Bwindi forest is one of the best birdwatching destinations in Uganda.
Mountain Gorillas no longer considered Critically endangered but endangered
With the booming number of travelers to the famous mountain gorilla destinations (Uganda and Rwanda), one needs to know more about these gentle primate spices.
After a very long fight against the near-extinction of the mountain gorillas, these gentle giants have slowly been increasing in numbers.
This was after a census by the Uganda Wild Life Authority in 2019 to know the number of remaining gorillas in their National reserve.
It was significantly discovered that the gorilla numbers have increased and this immediately put them out of the critically endangered species category.
This resulted to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) to update the Mountain gorilla’s status from “critically endangered to “endangered”
There are now over 1,000 of the mountain gorillas in the wild, up from an anticipated population of 680 a decade ago.
However, In the context of colliding inhabitants of wildlife around the world, this is an extraordinary conservation success,” said Tara Stoinski, President and chief scientist of the Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund.
The Atlanta-based non-profit is named for the primate researcher whose work helped draw international attention to mountain gorillas and whose memoir became the basis for the 1988 Weaver film “Gorillas in the Mist.
Mountain gorillas live in lush and misty forests along with a range of dormant volcanoes in East Africa. Their habitat falls inside national parks spanning parts of Rwanda, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
And stories about Diani Fossey, who died in 1985, had projected that the primates may be extinct by 2000.
Instead, their populations have been slowly increasing thanks to sustained and well-funded international conservation efforts that are Uganda Wildlife Authority, Rwanda Development Board, Virunga Conservation Program, international gorilla conservation program & other conservation bodies.
These Conservation bodies have greatly contributed and made progress in terms of Mountain gorillas’ protection.
This has provided an environment where mountain gorillas can continue to thrive and grow
There are now more than 5 mountain gorilla groups to trek in Uganda compared to the recent years as a result of conservation and these include
Mubare Gorilla Family
Mubare gorilla family is located in the Buhoma sector and is the oldest habituated gorilla family in Uganda with 9 members including 1 silverback as head of the group, and was fully habituated in 1991.
Habinyanja Gorilla Family
Habinyanja gorilla family is located in the Buhoma sector with 18 members including 2 silverbacks and was fully habituated in 1997.
Rushegura Gorilla Family
Rushegura gorilla family is located in the Buhoma sector with 19 members including 1 silverback. Rushegura Gorilla Family was formed in 2002 with Mwirima silverback.
Katwe gorilla family
Katwe gorilla family is located in the Buhoma sector and is the newest family in the Buhoma region on the northern side of Bwindi impenetrable forest National Park with 7 members in the family with one dominant silverback.
Nkuringo Gorilla Family
Nkuringo Gorilla group is located in the Nkuringo area with 19 members including 2 silverbacks. The group is led by one Silverback Nkuringo who died in April 2008, leaving behind 2 Silverbacks.
Bushaho gorilla family
Bushaho gorilla family is located in the southern sector in the Nkuringo area with 8 members including 1 silverback known as Bahati.
Bitukura Gorilla Family
Bitukura Gorilla Family is located in Ruhija area with 14 members including 4 silverbacks and the habituation process started in 2007 thou it took over 15 months which was fully habituated.
Mishaya Gorilla Family
Mishaya Gorilla Family is located in the Rushaga area with 7 members including 1 Silverback with one silverback (Mishaya) which is the only adult in the group.
Oruzogo Gorilla Family
Oruzogo gorilla group is located in Ruhija Sector with 23 members including 1 silverback and was habituated for trekking in 2011.
Nshongi Gorilla Family
Nshongi Gorilla group is located in the Rushaga area of Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park with 18 members and it was officially launched for trekking on 26th September 2009.
Kahungye Gorilla Family
Kahungye Gorilla group located in Rushaga area with 13 members with 3 silverbacks which are the only ones named. The dominant Silverback is called Rumansi and the group was opened for travelers in gorilla tracking in 2011.
Bweza Gorilla Family
Bweza Gorilla group is located in the Rushaga sector with 9 individuals including 1 silverback known as Bweza. Bweza split out from Nshongi family where it started its own group.
Busingye Gorilla Family
Busingye Gorilla Family is located in Rushaga with 9 members including 1 silverback and is the newest group to break away from Kahungye family in June 2012.
Kyaguriro Gorilla family
Kyaguriro Gorilla group is located in Ruhija with 20 individuals who feature a fascinating history which is an attraction of itself, and it’s known as Kyaguriro group A and B, this explains that the group’s habituated in 1995,
Bikyingi Gorilla Family
Bikyingi Gorilla group is located in the Rushaga area in Bwindi Impenetrable Forest with 21 individuals including 1 silverback. The only silverback and leader of the group was named the same as his group, Bikyingi and he is very friendly to all his young ones.
Christmas Gorilla family
Christmas Gorilla group is the newest family in the Nkuringo region makes up three gorilla families in the Nkuringo sector, with 9 members and one dominant silverback known as Christmas.
Mukiza gorilla family
Mukiza gorilla family is located in the Ruhija sector and it was one of the silverbacks in Kyaguriro which splits out. The family has 10 members
Kutu gorilla family
Kutu gorilla family is located in the Rushaga region of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park with 8 members and one dominant silverback as the head of the family.
Mucunguzi gorilla family
Mucunguzi gorilla family is located in the Rushaga sector with 8 members dominantly female; it splits from Bweza after a serious fight Mucunguzi is the head of the family
Tourism has also helped very much in the conservation of these gorillas with gorilla permits at $1,500 in Rwanda and $ 700 in Uganda for just an hour.
However, visitors would have to trek for hours to find the gorillas.
Our tour Specialists have over the years accumulated experience in organizing Gorilla Safaris. You can trust us to organize for you a remarkable gorilla trekking trip to watch gorillas.
Part of the payment you make will helps conserve the mountain gorillas.
The Mountain Gorilla diets, what do Gorillas Eat and what are the Gorilla subspecies?
Gorillas are the largest living primates on earth, they are majorly found in central and east Africa. They function in a well-developed social structure and often exhibit behavior and emotions similar to that of humans.
Gorillas are classified into two main species, namely the western gorillas and eastern gorillas. The two species are named based on the location of their respective natural habitats as eastern gorillas are found in the forests of East Africa while the jungles of West Africa are home to the western gorillas.
The two gorilla species are further categorized into four subspecies; western gorillas are comprised of the western lowland subspecies and the cross-river subspecies while eastern gorillas are made up of the mountain subspecies and the eastern lowland subspecies.
Each of the four subspecies of the gorilla has a distinctive dietary characteristic. The different types of diets in the gorilla’s subspecies are attributed to the differences in the type of vegetation found in their respective ranges of habitats.
A Silverback Gorilla is a mature male Mountain Gorilla of East Africa. It weighs between 136 and 195 kg. He is incredibly strong and lean. He has massive canines’ teeth and the female gorillas are about 169.5 kg.
Gorillas move in groups that can range from four individuals to more than 40 individuals. A Silverback leads and holds the position of being a leader and alpha male of the group for years.
What Do Gorillas Eat Meat?
Gorillas mainly stick to a vegetarian diet, feeding on stems, bamboo shoots, and fruits. Western lowland gorillas, however, also have an appetite for termites and ants, and break open termite nests to eat the larvae.
A study in Cameroon by Isra Deblauwe showed that gorillas have a high frequency of insect-eating and a high prey diversity, even higher than those of chimpanzees.
An adult gorilla can consume 18 to 20 kilograms of vegetation and fruit a day.
To be able to process these masses of plant material, gorillas have very strong chewing muscles. Their teeth are much like human teeth, except for the very long, pointed canines of adult gorilla males.
The males do not use those teeth for feeding but for fighting against competing males.
Gorillas do not eat meat.
As the name suggests, mountain gorillas are a subspecies of gorilla that inhabits mountainous regions of East and Central Africa.
It is estimated that there are 1000 individuals of this subspecies remaining and they are found in Virunga range of extinct volcanic mountains on the borders of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Rwanda and Uganda, and in the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park in Uganda.
The extensive variety of plants in the mountain gorilla’s diet is the largest variety that has been recorded in any gorilla subspecies.
The mountain gorilla’s diet is made up of stems and leaves which account for an estimated 86% of the mountain gorilla’s diet.
The mountain Gorillas also eat plant roots and flowers. While the mountain gorilla primarily subsists on a vegetarian diet, the subspecies also occasionally feed on grubs, snails, and ants.
Cross River Gorillas
One of the two subspecies which make up the western gorilla species is the cross-river subspecies which get its name from their habitat as they are found in the Cross River’s upstream area.
The subspecies are the rarest in the world with its wild population being comprised of an estimated 250 individuals making it a critically endangered species.
While closely related to the western lowland subspecies, the cross river gorilla has distinctive characteristics including a few morphological characteristics seen in its skull and cranial vaults.
The cross-river subspecies reside in the forests of western Africa usually preferring areas found between 328 feet and 6,683 feet in altitude.
Cross river gorilla feeds on fruits, however, in the months between September and January when fruits are scarce, the gorillas move to a different diet made up of stems, leaves, and tree barks.
Western Lowland Gorillas
This is known to be the smallest gorilla subspecies. The adult male Gorillas weigh an average of 140 kilograms and the adult female weighs an average of 90 kilograms.
However, the subspecies have the most extensive area range of all gorillas which encompasses part of Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Cameroon, and the Republic of Congo.
This species is still listed as critically endangered. Western lowland gorillas are exceptional in their ability to make tools from basic materials such as twigs, something that is yet to be observed in other gorilla subspecies in the wild.
Part of this subspecies diet are termites, ants, and other invertebrates which they dig up from holes in the ground.
Like all other gorillas, the western lowland subspecies are primarily herbivorous and mainly feed on fruits.
When fruits become scarce, the gorillas will feed on shoots, tree bark, and roots.
Eastern Lowland Gorillas
These gorillas are made up of two subspecies of mountain gorillas and eastern lowland gorillas. Eastern lowland gorillas are found in the forests of Central and East Africa and usually inhabit areas of diverse altitudes ranging from lowland forests to mountainous rainforests.
Like all other gorillas, the eastern lowland subspecies are predominantly herbivorous and feed on fruits, stems, and leaves.
This subspecies does not feed on bananas, it only destroys banana plants to feed on the pith. This dietary behavior of the subspecies puts them in constant collision with humans particularly in areas where their natural range overlaps human settlement.
These Gorillas are listed to be critically endangered species. Their diet consists of termites, ants, and vegetation.
Inconclusion, Gorilla is considered to be the largest primate on earth and its diet is made up of a large number of leaves and some of them eat termites, ants, and break open termite nests to eat the larvae.
Taking up a wild gorilla’s eating habits can dramatically improve your health or may even add years to your life. Eating or including vegetables and fruits to your diet can reduce your risk for killer diseases like diabetes, heart attack, stroke, and dementia.
I wouldn’t recommend adding termites, ants and termite larvae to your diet, at least I know I wouldn’t add them to mine.
Take a trip to Uganda and discover more about the Mountain Gorilla diets and habits. At Friendly Gorillas Safaris we will be more than happy to organize your safari. For inquiries please click here.